Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 46 – Grammar – Adverb Clauses of Concession

You are going to learn how to use adverb clauses to present contrasting information and show the order of events, how to give reasons in a discussion or debate, and how to use your tone of voice to express disagreement politely. You are then going to use these skills to discuss the results of an experiment.

Adverb Clauses of Concession; Reduced Adverb Clauses of Time

Adverb clauses of concession use words such as though, although, even though, whereas, and while to add contrasting information to a sentence. An adverb clause is a dependent clause and must go with a main clause with a subject and a verb.

  • We use though, although, and even though to show ideas that are contrasting but related.

Although we might know what’s happening, we’re not one-hundred percent sure.

  • We use whereas and while to compare two different people, things, or situations.

While the polygraph measures stress, this new technology does a lot more.

Reduced adverb clauses of time.

If an adverb clause of time (after, before, when, while) has the same subject as the main clause, you can reduce the adverb clause by removing the subject and putting the verb in the -ing form.

While visiting these islands, I went on an unprecedented excursion. (reduced form).

After I returned home, lots of people asked me how it went. (can’t be reduced)


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