Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 45 – Vocabulary Development – Comparing & Contrasting

Categorize the words in the box into the chart down below.

by the same token, despite, usually, in spite of, 
in the same way, on the contrary, similarly, whereas
Word and phrases that compareWords and phrases that contrast

2. Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.

  1. I’m a very left-brained person. My brother, in the same way/on the contrary, is more right brained.
  2. Despite/ Whereas everything we know about the brain, there is still a lot to discover.
  3. I know I can’t always trust my gut feelings. In spite of this/ By the same token, they play a big part in my decision-making.
  4. Love and empathy are considered positive emotions. Equally/Despite this, gratitude and joy enhance a person’s life.
  5. Empathy motivates people to help others. On the contrary / By the same token, guilt strengthens commitments in others.
  6. Anger makes it harder for people to change what they are already doing, similarly / whereas fear makes them give up too easily.
  7. A fearful person is less likely to take risks. Similarly / On the contrary happy people are not risk takers.
  8. I sometimes jump into situations without considering all my options. In the same way / In spite of this, I sometimes find it hard to slow down and make intellectual decisions.


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